What is SAD and how to prevent it | Living North

What is SAD and how to prevent it


It’s only natural that in the bleak midwinter, when we only get a rare glimpse of sunshine, many of us suffer from some level of seasonal affective disorder. Here are some simple methods to help overcome it

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is more common than you might think, with current research showing that at least one in every 15 of us suffer from some form of SAD, and many more feel the effects of winter blues, but aren’t aware of it.

Brought on by the shorter days, when the sun often fails to make an appearance, it is thought that without enough exposure to sunlight we are unable to produce enough serotonin (the feel-good hormone) and instead produce too much melatonin (the ???hormone) – leading to a lack of energy, irritability and often depression. Without enough daylight, our ability to produce vital vitamin D plummets – this is also associated with low mood. Daylight dictates the body’s circadian rhythm so your all-important body clock may also be disrupted. All of these factors, or some, contribute to what, although it may be fairly short-lived, can be a debilitating side effect of winter.

Get Outside
Make point of getting outside every single day – the sun doesn’t need to be shining for you to feel the benefits of natural – as opposed to artificial – light. Talk a walk, sit on a park bench at lunchtime, head into the garden – anything that gets you into the great outdoors will help – even on cloudy (miserable) days. If you can’t physically get out, try and sit beside a window in the office, and make sure curtains are open and blinds raised at home to maximise daylight.

One side effect of SAD is the desire to carb load. The weather’s awful, you feel awful – carbs are  comforting, as is sugar. Don’t be tempted. Overloading with starchy carbohydrates and the sweet stuff won’t help your energy levels. Keep to a well-balanced diet, and (as tempting as it is when feeling low) don’t turn to excess alcohol, which is also a depressant and can disturb sleep patterns too.

Get More Vitamin D
There is a direct link between low levels of vitamin D and low mood. Many of us are deemed to be vitamin D deficient as it is difficult to get enough of the stuff from our diet alone. It’s found in fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel, and fortified dairy products, but it breaks down quickly, meaning the body’s stores can run especially low in winter. Consider taking vitamin D supplement to help – especially in the depths of winter.

Exercise and physical activity are known to help alleviate some of the symptoms of stress and anxiety, both of which are associated with SAD. If you are fitter, you generally tend to feel better, which also lifts your mood. You may not feel like it, but a regular work out will help you work through the worst of winter.

Regulate Your Sleep
You need to get enough sleep to feel rested, but one side effect of SAD is the desire to hibernate (literally). Too much sleep can be detrimental so keeping a close eye on how much you are dozing is vital.

The urge to hunker down is strong when you suffer from SAD but social interaction can help – not only does it get you out, but just pushing yourself a little can help lift spirits a lot. Make arrangements to meet friends (and stick to them). By shifting your attention to others you are inadvertently alleviating some of the symptoms of your SAD.

Light Therapy
Light therapy is one of the first type of treatment many turn to with the onset of SAD. Research into the real benefits of light therapy is, in fact, fairly limited but it does appear to help in may cases and by exposing yourself to a light box within the first hour of waking you would expect to feel better within a few days. Light therapy boxes come in different intensities so do a little research before you splash out. Most healthcare professionals recommend a 10,000 lux light box and a minimum of 30 minutes exposure daily. The new HumanCharger channels bright light directly into the light-sensitive parts of the brain – exactly where it is needed most. This pocket device takes just 12 minutes to recharge your brain with an effective light dose to improve your mood and mental alertness via the specially-designed LED earbuds. It’s a safe, effective and time-efficient way to get light back in your life!

Up With The Dawn
Dawn simulators can benefit some of those suffering from mild SAD. Designed as alarm clocks, but rather than waking you with a harsh beeping or loud music, they produce a light which gradually intensifies, just like the sun rising. Try to find one which uses full-spectrum light which is closest to natural sunlight.

Published in: February 2020

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